Postby treeman » Thu Mar 01, 2012 7:55 pm

[19:21:21] Del Hempstead: 1275 the law of the land was effectively “privatized” and has progressively been repeated in every other nation on planet Earth since. Starting with England & the Origin of Writs

Background to Origin of Writs.
The Origin of “writs” corresponds to the invention of the system of justice based around the forum of curia or “courts” first introduced through the now lost (or destroyed) Charter of Westminster in 1275 under King Edward I of England and Wales (1272 – 1307). The word "court" (from Latin cautio meaning "bonds, bailments and securities") did not come into the English language until the 16th Century.
Prior to the time of Edward I, "justice" in England remained a mixture of the ancient judicial forums left over from the Carolingian era such as placitiums and manor halls as well as ecclesiastical judicial forums known as “minsters” (from Latin munio meaning “security, strengthen, build and protect”). The concept of “justice” had largely devolved to the qualities and character of the barons and their local bishops – some good, some tyrants.
In May 1213, King John of England (1199-1216), the grandfather of Edward I, surrendered England and Ireland under his Great Seal to the Roman Cult leader Innocent III as his feudal overlord. This was ratified by the Papal Bull known as Bulla Aurea (“Golden Bull”). A brief, yet bloody rebellion of the barons following this move, resulted in the promulgation of the Magna Carta or “Great Charter” as a “treaty” between the rebellious barons and the king by June 1215.
Initially, the reaction of Rome was to condemn the Magna Carta and on August 24th 1215, Innocent III issued the bull Etsi Carissimus declaring it both “illegal and unjust”. Subsequent Magna Carta issued at the commencement of each of the reigns of English monarchs as a tradition until the 16th Century ensured any “offending” clauses were subsequently removed such as the original clause 61.
Around 1244, King Henry III of England (1207 – 1272) received an official delegation of Venetian nobles and Franciscan Priests from the religious order invented by Venetian Doge Giovanni Bernadone Morosini (Moriconi) “the Frenchman” (1249-1253). The English had continued to grow in the favor of the Venetians after both John and then Henry III had provided contract militia to Venice under the command of the de Montfort Lord High Stewards in their commercial wars against the French, most notably the bloody genocide of Southern France otherwise known as the “Cathar Crusades”.
While called “King”, the Plantagenet Dynasty were in fact “second fiddle” to the de Montfort Lord High Stewards of Gascony – the Basque militia warlords that had held control over England with Venetian approval since their invasion of 1066. Under King Henry III, the Plantagenet sought to “rebalance” the relation by removing the control of the Lord High Steward and becoming the supreme vassal of the land to the Vatican and its Venetian overlords.
As a consequence of the official Venetian and Franciscan visit of 1244, Henry III granted exclusive, absolute and perpetual ownership of Thorne Island (pronounced ‘thorny’) in the middle of Thames River to the Franciscans and therefore Venice. Work immediately commenced on the construction of the largest church ever conceived in England and in 1269 “West Minster Abbey” was consecrated under the last years of rule of King Henry III who died in 1272 and was the first monarch to be buried within its walls. The legend that the abbey was built by “Benedictines” from France and Germany – is a crude and absurd fraud.
After almost twenty years of bloody conflict between forces loyal to the de Montfort Lord High Stewards and the Plantagenet, Edward Ist left for Venice in 1269 following the consecration of the Abbey and remained there until the death of his father in 1272, obtaining finally the authority from Venice his family so needed to raise the monarch to pre-eminence and derogate the Lord High Stewards to the most senior “officer of the realm”.

The founding of the Guilds (Livery) of London
Upon returning to London in 1272, Edward Ist was accompanied by a retinue of advisors from Venice, massive gold reserves and representatives of the leading families who had been instrumental in copying the formula of the guilds of Florence into Venice and were now eager to repeat the process in England.
The guilds of both Florence and then Venice were divided up into three (3) levels known as Arti Maggiori (“Greater Art”), Arti Mediane (“Intermediate Art”) and Arti Minori (“Minor Art”). The Arti Maggiori or “Great Seven” in order of authority were:
1. Arte de Guidici e Notai known as the Guild of Judges and Notaries
2. Arte de Calimala known as the Guild of Foreign Cloth Merchants
3. Arte de Lana known as the Guild of the Wool Merchants
4. Arte del Cambio known as the Guild of the Money Changers
5. Arte della Seta known as the Guild of Silk Merchants
6. Arte dei Medici e Speziali known as the Guild of Physicians and Apothecaries
7. Arte de Vaiai e Pellicciai known as the Guild of the Furriers and Skinners

The Arti Mediane or five (5) Intermediate Art (Guilds) introduced under Edward 1st and his Venetian advisors at this time in order of authority were:
1. Arte dei Baccai known as the Guild of the Butchers
2. Arte dei Fabbri known as the Guild of the Blacksmiths
3. Arte dei Calzolai known as the Guild of the Shoemakers
4. Arte dei Maestri di Pietra e Legname known as the Guild of the Stonemasons and woodcarvers
5. Arte dei Linaioli e Rigattieri known as the Guild of the Linen and Second-Hand (Retail) Goods

The Arti Minori or nine (9) Minor Art (Guilds) introduced under Edward 1st and his Venetian advisors in order of authority at this time were:
1. Arti de Vinattieri known as the Guild of the Wine Merchants
2. Arti degli Albergatori known as the Guild of the Innkeepers
3. Arti dei Cuoiai e Galigai known as the Guild of the Curriers and Tanners
4. Arti dei Oliandoli e Pizzicagnoli known as the Guild of the (Olive) Oil Merchants and Provision Dealers
5. Arti dei Correggiai known as the Guild of the Saddlers and Harness Makers
6. Arti dei Chiavaiuoli known as the Guild of the Locksmiths and Toolmakers
7. Arti dei Corazzai e Spadai known as the Guild of the Armourers and Swordsmiths
8. Arti dei Legnaioli known as the Guild of the Carpenters
9. Arti dei Fornai known as the Guild of the Bakers and Millers

The Crown of Thorne(s) and Coronation of Edward I
While history speaks of English monarchs dating back to the 9th Century, in reality prior to the Coronation Ceremony of Edward I in 1274, the "kings" of England were more akin to the most senior chiefs of indigenous tribes, than an undisputed ruler.
Indeed, since 1066 and the Basque militia invasion of England, it was the Basque head warlords known as the Dukes of Gascony and the de Montforts that had held the more senior position of Lord High Steward, while the king represented merely the traditiona land owners.
However, in 1274, the Venetians through their vassal the Pope of the Vatican did something special - the created a special initiation rite (right) and coronation ceremony that officially made the English Monarch the supreme ruler of England and Wales above the Lord High Steward.
A special coronation chair was commissioned, with a space in which to place the "Scone Stone" being the historic symbol representing the Holly Rights of the last of the Cuilliaéan Kings being Macbeth from 1058 and the death of the last Holly Kings of Scotland.
A special crown was also formed and known as the "Crown of Thorne", also later as the mythical "Crown of Thorns" - in reference to the original name for the island of Thorne granted in perpetuity to the Venetian noble families as a separate state within a state and city within a city then known as Westminster.

Charter of Westminster of 1275
The Charter of Westminster of 1275 is an original charter now lost and replaced by the fraud known as the Statute of Westminster (1275) which originally granted to the most senior guild of all, known as the Arte de Guidici e Notai known as the Guild of Judges and Notaries the right to build the first “courts” known as Curia, issue writs and instruments on behalf of the monarch and to dispense “justice” as a private enterprise. Thus, from 1275 the law of the land was effectively “privatized” and has progressively been repeated in every other nation on planet Earth since.
King Edward I effectively divided old London up into twelve “boroughs” with each area then granted as exclusive, perpetual property to one of the twelve (12) Maggiori and Mediane Guilds. Thus London was effectively “sold” to private families of Venice controlling private guilds for commerce and has remained in private control ever since. The stories that somehow William the Basque militia leader that conquered England in 1066 for the Venetians somehow excluded London and created it as a peculiar is nothing more than a poor side show designed to hide the “privatization” of old London from 1275 onwards.
Yet the extraordinary feature of the establishment of the most senior Guilds from Venice and their control over London at the time was that the heads or "Lords" of each Guild was required to take solemn religious oaths of the Franciscan Order at the time - to effectively be a "spiritual head" of a commercial enterprise. This paradox is what gave rise to the historic mystery of the true identity of the "Lords Spiritual" not merely the public display of claiming the positions as purely ecclesiastical appointments. Later, by the 16th Century, these 12 "Lords Spiritual" came to be known as the "Twelve Apostles".
To train the English nobles and all those associated with the core operation of the guilds, a training system based on the modification of an Arabic games was invented called "Chesse" (Chess). The original instructions of Chess identify each piece and the board itself as representing the guilds, their functions and limits.

Westminster and the Curia (Courts)
As for Westminster, already owned and controlled by the Venetians through their religious Franciscan Order, the borough was made a “city” within a “city” as the City of Westminster and a Hall was immediately commissioned, finished in 1295. Two public curia, or “courts” were created under the charter and franchise being:
Curia Regis, also known as the Court of the King, or King’s Bench (curia regis de banco). This is the entity granted the "right" to issue writs under the crown; and
Curia Cancellariae, also known as the Court of the Chancery, or Chancellor as the most senior scribes and clerks for writing, transcribing and publication of official instruments, especially writs for the Curia Regis.
A third Court (curia) was created by the start of the 14th Century known as Curia Regis ad Scaccarium, literally translated as “Court of the King’s Chessboard”, also known as the Court of the Exchequer as the treasury office for handling the financial affairs of all the guilds (livery), the King and the realm.
While these were the "public" courts of the realm, one court actually existed from 1275 onwards as the highest court in the land being the Curia Domini, or "Lord's Court" or literally the Guild Hall Court of the city of London and the twelve (12) key livery (guild) enterprises. Only one Curia (court) in the world was higher at the time being the Curia Vaticano (Curia of the Vatican), later superceded by the Curia Generalizia of the Jesuits from 1545 onwards.
By the 14th Century, a new Curia was created for the official advisors of the monarch known as the Curia Privatum, also known as the “Privy Council” in the granting of privileges, the stay of sentences or the removal of privileges as the highest court of appeal.
By the 15th Century under Edward III, a new Curia was created for a body of representative of the people known as the Curia Magna, also known as the “Great Court” and “Great Council” and later as Parliament.
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